Studies and University links to scholarly studies on Elderberry and herbs mentioned on Elderberry Way.

(Sambucus) Elderberry studies.

Cyanogenic Glycoside Analysis in American Elderberry

The higher the better? Differences in phenolics and cyanogenic glycosides in Sambucus nigra leaves, flowers and berries from different altitudes.

Bioactive properties of Sambucus nigra L. as a functional ingredient for food and pharmaceutical industry


The following links are about Sambucus ebulus, a European species commonly called Dwarf Elder or Danewort, classified as a herbaceous perennial. It dies back over winter every year and doesn’t develop a woody bark like other Sambucus species. S ebulus has unique therapeutic properties not found in other Sambucus species. It is naturalized in parts of the USA, having migrated with early settlers.

Sambucus ebulus elburensis fruits: A good source for antioxidants

Treatment of Paederus Dermatitis with Sambucus ebulus Lotion

Cytotoxic Effects of Ethyl Acetate Extract of Sambucus ebulus Compared With Etoposide on Normal and Cancer Cell Lines

Biological Effects and Clinical Applications of Dwarf Elder (Sambucus ebulus L): A Review

Antidepressant activities of Sambucus ebulus and Sambucus nigra

Efficacy and short-term safety of topical Dwarf Elder (Sambucus ebulus L.) versus diclofenac for knee osteoarthritis

Effects of Sambucus ebulus Extract on Cell Proliferation and Viability of Triple- Negative Breast Cancer

Wound healing potential of Sambucus ebulus L. leaves and isolation of an active component, quercetin 3-O-glucoside

Ebulin from Dwarf Elder (Sambucus ebulus L.): A Mini-Review

Anti-giardial activity of Sambucus ebulus

Effects of Short-term Heating on Total Polyphenols, Anthocyanins, Antioxidant Activity and Lectins of Different Parts of Dwarf Elder (Sambucus ebulus L.)

Fruit Phenolic Composition of Different Elderberry Species and Hybrids

Aronia studies.

Comparative analysis of different groups of phenolic compounds in fruit and leaf extracts of Aronia sp.: A. melanocarpa, A. arbutifolia, and A. ×prunifolia and their antioxidant activities

The Leaves of Aronia melanocarpa L. and Hippophae rhamnoides L. as Source of Active Ingredients for Biopharmaceutical Engineering

Aronia plants: a review of traditional use, biological activities, and perspectives for modern medicine

Antidiabetic Effects of Aronia melanocarpa and Its Other Therapeutic Properties

Aronia (Chokeberry): an underutilized, highly nutraceutical plant

Verbascum (Mullein) studies.

The Antioxidant, Anticarcinogenic and Antimicrobial Properties of Verbascum thapsus L

Anthelmintic and relaxant activities of Verbascum Thapsus Mullein

What’s in a Name? Can Mullein Weed Beat TB Where Modern Drugs Are Failing?

Iridoid and phenylethanoid/phenylpropanoid metabolite profiles of Scrophularia and Verbascum species used medicinally in North America

Prunella vulgaris (Self-Heal) studies.

Prunella vulgaris: A Comprehensive Review of Chemical Constituents, Pharmacological Effects and Clinical Applications

Prunella vulgaris L., an Edible and Medicinal Plant, Attenuates Scopolamine-Induced Memory Impairment in Rats

Immune modulatory effects of Prunella vulgaris L

Prunella vulgaris L.–a rediscovered medicinal plant

Prunella vulgaris L: Critical Pharmacological, Expository Traditional Uses and Extensive Phytochemistry: A Review

*Identification and evaluation of the inhibitory effect of Prunella vulgaris extract on SARS-coronavirus 2 virus entry

Photoprotective properties of Prunella vulgaris and rosmarinic acid on human keratinocytes

Prunella vulgaris L. – A Review of its Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, Quality Control and Pharmacological Effects

Chamomile studies.

A systematic review study of therapeutic effects of Matricaria recuitta chamomile (chamomile)

Sunflower Seed studies.

A review of phytochemistry, metabolite changes, and medicinal uses of the common sunflower seed and sprouts (Helianthus annuus L.)

Sunflower Seed and Acne Vulgaris

Nutritional Characteristics Assessment of Sunflower Seeds, Oil and Cake. Perspective of Using Sunflower Oilcakes as a Functional Ingredient

Moringa studies.

Review of the Safety and Efficacy of Moringa oleifera

Health Benefits of Uses and Applications of Moringa oleifera in Bakery Products

Nutraceutical or Pharmacological Potential of Moringa oleifera Lam.

Bioactive Components in Moringa Oleifera Leaves Protect against Chronic Disease

Effects of Moringa oleifera Leaf Extract on Human Promyelocytic Leukemia Cells Subjected to Oxidative Stress

Moringa oleifera extract enhances sexual performance in stressed rats

Persimmon Leaf studies.

Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) leaves: A review on traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties

Flavonoids from persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) leaves inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in PC-3 cells by activation of oxidative stress and mitochondrial apoptosis

Ethanol Extract of Persimmon Tree Leaves Improves Blood Circulation and Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed a High-Fat Diet

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